UK & Canadian


Polish kb ppanc wz. 1935 (Rifle, Anti-tank model 1935)

Calibre:             7.92 x 107mm

Manufacturer:  Panstwowa Fabryka Karabinow, Warsaw, Poland

Action:              Magazine fed, bolt action

Capacilty:         4 rounds

Overall length: 1760mm

Barrel length:   1200mm

Weight:              9.5Kg

Muzzle velocity (with new barrel): 1275 M/s (4183 ft/s)

Armour penetration at 30 degrees, 100m:    33mm

Armour penetration at 30 degrees, 300m:    15mm


kb ppanc wz. 1935 [6.6 kB] Rifle with magazine


The Rifle

Development and deployment

The work on high-power rifle ammunition began in Poland in late 20's - early 30's. After the completion, work began on a suitable rifle. The winning design, kb ppanc wz. 1935 (rifle, anti-tank model 1935) was designed by Jozef Maroszek in early 1930's. There are no exact data on when the work began or how it progressed since from the beginning the rifle and ammunition were classified. The kb wz. 1935 was adopted in November 1935 and 7610 rifles were ordered in Fabryka Karabinow (Rifle Factory) in Warsaw. The exact number made before the outbreak of W.W.II is unknown but the highest receiver serial numbers of surviving specimens are in 6500 range.

In the beginning, the rifles were stored at central storage facilities. The delivery to the army units started in April 1939; the last rifles were delivered to units as late as in August 1939. The orders specified that the crate containing the rifle must not be opened before the start of hostilities. Before the outbreak of WW2 the weapon itself was demonstrated only to a handful of soldiers under oath. There is now evidence to suggest that the weapon was widely used by Polish infantry and cavalry during the invasion of Poland in 1939. After the fall of Poland, a significant number of these rifles fell into German hands. Designated Panzer Büchse 35 (polnisch) or PzB 35(p) they were used up to late 1940. Some weapons were sold to the Italian army (in particular used by the Italian 8th Army at Eastern front) which called it the "Fucile Contracarro 35(P)". It has since been claimed that only four specimens survive, and these were exported to the USA in the 1950's, although this does sound very unlikely as there are at least 2 in the UK. Note: The rifle is also known as "Urugwaj" (or kb UR), it was speculated that this indicates that it may have been secretly indented for export to Uruguay, however recent documents indicate that this was just a cover.

Other interesting historical facts concerning this rifle can be found here:  Wikipidia   (In brief: Ludwik Popiel managed to smuggle the Maroszek rifle out of Poland via the Tatra Mountains, with the stock and barrel sawn off for easier transport, the idea being that this would be passed to the allies for reserve engineering.)

Mechanical characteristics

Kb ppanc wz. 1935 is a bolt-action repeater. The action is a simplified Mauser action similar to that used in KP 32; one of Maroszeks' earlier designs. It is fed by a four-round detachable box magazine held in place by two magazine catches (one in front and one behind the magazine). The barrel is screwed in into the receiver and is threaded at the muzzle to accept the necessary muzzle brake (it consumed around 65% of the recoil). According to the manual, due to the high velocity of the bullet the barrel life was only around 300 rounds, after which it should be changed, this may not seem like a lot however bear in mind that the prototype barrels only lasted 30 rounds. The wooden stock is equipped with two sling swivels: one behind the pistol grip and one attached to the barrel band. A bipod is mounted to the barrel just in front the stock. Due to the very flat trajectory the sights are fixed and set at 300 meters: open rear on the forward part of the receiver and front attached to the muzzle brake.

The rifle was delivered in a wooden crate, which contained the rifle, itself, 3 spare barrels, 3 spare magazines, ammunition (32 rounds), barrel key, and a manual.


The Ammunition

The rifle used 7.92 x 107 mm DS ammunition. Weighting 64.25 g (2.25 oz), the cartridge contained 11.15 g (172 grains) of propellant and was topped by a 14.579 g (225 grains) bullet. The ammunition was made by " P.W.U. Panswowa Fabryka Amunicji" in Skarzysko Kamienne. The rounds were packed in cardboard boxes of 12 rounds which, in turn, were packed in hermetically closed cans. Cans were packed into wooden crates. From 300 meters the bullet could penetrate a 15 mm (0.6 ") steel plate mounted at 30-degree angle and still retain sufficient energy to penetrate a 4 cm (1.6 ") wooden board. Additionally the bullet would punch out a 20 mm secondary projectile from the armour adding to the destructive effect. At 100 meters the bullet would penetrate around 33 mm (1.3 ") of armour. This means that in theory at a range of 100 m, a bullet fired from the kb ppanc wz. 1935 could damage any German or Soviet tank used in any 1939 attack against Poland. Other lighter armoured vehicles could be destroyed from even greater distance.  Occasionally examples of this rare ammunition do crop up at arms fairs and sell for £15 - £30 each.

Above: A 1937 dated round of 7.92 Polish ammunition

Home | German | Russian | UK & Canadian | Polish | Finland | Switzerland

This site was last updated 02/12/13